Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Political Economy of the Service Transition$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Anne Wren

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199657285

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657285.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2020

The Service Transition and Women’s Employment

The Service Transition and Women’s Employment

(p.147) 4 The Service Transition and Women’s Employment
The Political Economy of the Service Transition

Moira Nelson

John D. Stephens

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the effect of social policy and labor market regulation on employment of women and in services. The authors—Moira Nelson and John Stephens—argue that in the current economic environment, attaining high employment rates and therefore sustainable welfare states depends on expanding women’s employment. Their analysis focuses on the impact of various policies in seventeen OECD countries. They find evidence of the existence of two partisan “paths” to high services and female employment. The first, “social democratic,” path rests in part on high levels of female employment in public service sectors. Of considerable interest, however, is their finding that several features of social democratic welfare states—high short-term unemployment replacement rates, high sickpay, high spending on active labor market policy, low wage dispersion, and moderate to weak employment protection legislation—are also associated with high levels of employment in private services. The alternative “Liberal” route to high service and female employment on the other hand is a more exclusively private sector route and rests on easily recognizable features of Liberal regimes, such as low union density rates and low taxes. Finally, and of significant policy relevance, the authors find that several characteristics of Christian democratic regimes—generous long-term unemployment benefits, high social security taxes, strong employment protection, and low spending on active labor market policies and daycare—hold negative effects for employment in both public and private service sectors, with corresponding negative effects on female employment.

Keywords:   social policy, labor market regulation, women’s employment, service employment, welfare state, partisanship, social democratic regimes, liberal regimes, Christian democratic regimes, service transition

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .