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The Political Economy of the Service Transition$
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Anne Wren

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199657285

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657285.001.0001

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Pathways of Change in CMEs: Training Regimes in Germany and the Netherlands

Pathways of Change in CMEs: Training Regimes in Germany and the Netherlands

(p.171) 5 Pathways of Change in CMEs: Training Regimes in Germany and the Netherlands
The Political Economy of the Service Transition

Karen M. Anderson

Anke Hassel

Oxford University Press

Vocational training schemes have been at the core of strategies for skill provision in an industrial context—most especially in the “coordinated market economies” (CMEs) of Continental Europe. In this chapter, Anderson and Hassel suggest that significant variation exists across countries in the extent to which these schemes have successfully adapted to deindustrialization and the rise of the service economy. They argue that the key institutional feature explaining this variation is the role of the state, and in particular, the role of the vocational schools. In systems where training is largely financed and provided by firms, the skills acquired tend to be relatively specialized and specifically designed to meet the needs of existing firms. In contrast, in systems where the state, and specifically vocational schools, play a larger role, there is more scope for the provision of more general, transferable skills, and for the redesign of programs to adjust to changing needs within the economy. As a consequence, they argue, firm-based skills regimes have tended to be slower to adjust to the transition to services than school-based regimes or regimes that combine school- and firm-based training. Anderson and Hassel support their contention with a comparative institutional analysis of two important Continental CMEs—Germany and the Netherlands.

Keywords:   vocational training, skill provision, coordinated market economies, institutions, training regimes, specific skills, general skills, transferable skills, service economy, service employment

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