Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Political Economy of the Service Transition$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Anne Wren

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199657285

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657285.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2020

De-industrialization and the Expansion of the Welfare State: A Reassessment

De-industrialization and the Expansion of the Welfare State: A Reassessment

(p.227) 7 De-industrialization and the Expansion of the Welfare State: A Reassessment
The Political Economy of the Service Transition

Philip Manow

Kees van Kersbergen

Gijs Schumacher

Oxford University Press

In this chapter, Manow, Van Kersbergen, and Schumacher provide a long-run perspective on political responses to sectoral change. In particular, they compare deindustrialization and the rise of the service economy with the earlier transition from agriculture to industry, and analyze how welfare state responses have varied across these two, rather different, sectoral transformations. The authors show that countries entered the post-war era with very different sectoral employment shares and subsequently have been differently affected by sectoral change. They argue that for individuals to move from agriculture into industry in the 1950s and 1960s proved to be much easier than to move either from agriculture or industry into service employment in the subsequent decades. As a result, the extent and nature of welfare state response varied between the two periods. The authors illustrate this argument with an analysis of data from a set of fifteen OECD countries. They also examine the role of partisanship in mediating this transition. They show that in Scandinavian countries, the roots of the modern welfare state can be found in the political response of Social Democrats in coalition with agrarian parties, to the loss of agricultural employment in the 1950s and 1960s. In contrast, employment loss in manufacturing was crucial for the continental countries in the 1970s and 1980s and here Christian Democracy was the decisive political force managing (or failing to manage) the transition toward the service economy.

Keywords:   deindustrialization, welfare state, sectoral change, employment, partisanship, political coalitions, social democracy, christian democracy, service economy

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .