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Unusual SuspectsPitt's Reign of Alarm and the Lost Generation of the 1790s$
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Kenneth R. Johnston

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199657803

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657803.001.0001

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‘Frend of Jesus, friend of the Devil’

‘Frend of Jesus, friend of the Devil’

William Frend (1757–1841)

Chapter:
(p.78) (p.79) 5 ‘Frend of Jesus, friend of the Devil’
Source:
Unusual Suspects
Author(s):

Kenneth R. Johnston

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657803.003.0005

William Frend (1757–1841) was a Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge, notable for intellectual brilliance and Christian good works. An early participant in the Sunday School movement, he prepared reading texts for illiterate children in parishes he served. Like some other Cambridge faculty, Frend opposed the limits placed on Dissenting students by the 17th-century Test and Corporation Acts. He wrote a series of pamphlets challenging the doctrine of the Holy Trinity in the Thirty-Nine Articles of the Anglican creed. For these he successively lost his college privileges and university employment, eventually becoming a Unitarian. His Peace and Union Recommended to the Associated Bodies of Republicans and Anti-Republicans (1793), ostensibly an attempt to calm the rising tensions of political controversy, is rather a subtly provocative criticism of Pitt’s declaration of war on France. Exiled from the university, Frend pursued a lower-profile career as an insurance actuary.

Keywords:   William Frend. Jesus College. Cambridge University. Holy Trinity. Test Acts. Sunday School movement. Unitarianism. Academic penalties. Censure

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