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The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy$
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Kevin Passmore

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199658206

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.001.0001

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(p.1) 1 Introduction
The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Kevin Passmore

Oxford University Press

The introduction explores the problematic relationship between the terms ‘right’ and ‘conservative’ in France, along with the divisions among the parties that opposed the left. It proceeds through a critique of the influential interpretation of René Rémond, who charted the fortunes of three irreducible tendencies — Orleanist, Legitimist, and Bonapartist — and of the Marxist view that underlying commitment to the social order made surface divisions irrelevant. It shows that both views fail to understand the links between day-to-day politics, perceived interests, and cultural dispositions. The book argues that conservatives (the Centre, Right, and Extreme Right) shared a common culture, in which assumptions about the nature of the elite and mass were central, but used it in different ways, for different purposes, in particular contexts.

Keywords:   Rémond, Orleanism, Legitimism, Marxism, conservatism, right, political culture

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