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The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy$
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Kevin Passmore

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199658206

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.001.0001

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Apogee and Crisis (1928–1932)

Apogee and Crisis (1928–1932)

(p.262) 11 Apogee and Crisis (1928–1932)
The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Kevin Passmore

Oxford University Press

The Centre, not the leagues, was the victor in the anti-Cartel struggle. During 1928–1932, it led a conservative majority stretching from moderate Radicals to the Fédération républicaine and JP. The Centre recaptured leadership of the movement for organization, combining managerialism with elements of the Left's social democracy (notably through enactment of social insurance), and promoted ‘organized capitalism’ in a European framework. Henri Kerillis’ Centre de propaganda des républicains nationaux attempted to formalize the centre-led coalition, using the lessons of the British Conservative Party's success. Part of the Right attacked these policies in the name of spiritual values, economic liberalism, or corporatism. Its opposition converged with peasant and middle-class dislike of the Social Insurance Act. The conservative hegemony of 1926–1932 coincided with persistence of right-wing populism., which, after 1932, would undermine parliamentary conservatism.

Keywords:   Jeunesses Patriotes, CPRN, Poincaré, Fédération Républicaine, Alliance Démocratique, organization, European unity, social insurance

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