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The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy$
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Kevin Passmore

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199658206

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.001.0001

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From Conservatisme to Boulangism (1884–1889)

From Conservatisme to Boulangism (1884–1889)

(p.45) 3 From Conservatisme to Boulangism (1884–1889)
The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Kevin Passmore

Oxford University Press

Monarchists soon regretted having helped establish the Republic, for it quickly set about removing them from positions of power. In the 1885 election, they set aside dynastic differences and embraced ‘conservatisme’, which was based on the premise that since the masses were fundamentally conservative and materialist, monarchists must demonstrate that they alone could defend order. Although conservatisme brought relative electoral success, monarchists feared that it would turn them into constitutional conservatives, and so they were open to Boulanger's secret offer to restore the monarchy.Monarchist and radical republican supporters of Boulanger found common ground in opposition to parliamentarianism. Furthermore, rank-and-file monarchist discontent with parliamentarianism helped push monarchist leaders into Boulangism. Monarchists and radicals met in the developing culture of commercialized leisure and in the evolving debate concerning citizenship and immigration. Boulangism permanently radicalized some monarchists and Catholics, and contributed to the emergence of Nationalism in the 1890s.

Keywords:   Orleanism, Bonapartism, Legitimism, Royalism, Monarchism, Boulangism, boulanger, Barrès, nationalism

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