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The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy$
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Kevin Passmore

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199658206

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.001.0001

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The Union Sacrée (1914–1918)

The Union Sacrée (1914–1918)

(p.180) 8 The Union Sacrée (1914–1918)
The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Kevin Passmore

Oxford University Press

Although Right and Centre initially backed governments of national unity, the Great War ultimately provoked Right and Centre to unite against the Left. Conservatives associated the left with the German enemy, and saw Socialist efforts to ‘organize’ the war economy as evidence of a Germanic fetishisation of organization. Right and Centre accepted the need for total war, but came to agree that prosecution of the war required the expulsion of the Left from government. Conservatives embraced an alternative organizationalism designed to restore the predominance of the male elite in an organic hierarchy, improve the quality and quantity of the population, counter degeneration, win the war, and defeat Socialism. Religious and other tensions among conservatives remained, but a fundamental realignment had occurred, which would be perpetuated in the post-war Bloc national. The war reinforced the domination of elitist, male, bourgeois conservatism.

Keywords:   Poincaré, Alliance Démocratique, ALP, Fédération Républicaine, organization, Union Sacrée, Clemenceau

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