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The Powers of Aristotle's Soul$
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Thomas Kjeller Johansen

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199658435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.001.0001

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The Capacities in the Parts and Lives of Animals

The Capacities in the Parts and Lives of Animals

(p.276) 14 The Capacities in the Parts and Lives of Animals
The Powers of Aristotle's Soul

Thomas Kjeller Johansen

Oxford University Press

In the biological works the capacities of the soul are considered as embodied in various species of animals. From this holistic perspective we find their operation differing in different animals. The differences are related to the four general ways in which animals differ from each other: in their lives (bioi), actions (praxeis), habits (êthê) and their parts (moria). The body (available matter, determination by environment, and other functions) is also a determining factor in how the capacities function. However, the holistic explanations of the differences between the capacities in animals rely on, rather than undermine, the definitional discreteness (‘modularity’) of the capacities, as demonstrated by the DA.

Keywords:   biological works, holism, modularity, body, environment

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