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Oil for FoodThe Global Food Crisis and the Middle East$
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Eckart Woertz

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199659487

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659487.001.0001

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The Sudan Bread-Basket Dream

The Sudan Bread-Basket Dream

(p.161) 6 The Sudan Bread-Basket Dream
Oil for Food

Eckart Woertz

Oxford University Press

Gulf countries tried to develop Sudan as an Arab bread-basket in the 1970s. It was hoped that Sudan with its huge land mass and considerable water resources could alleviate the vulnerability of imports and the threat of food embargoes. These plans fell by the wayside but they have resurfaced with the global food crisis of 2008. This chapter takes a detailed look at the companies and institutions involved in the 1970s. It is shown how Khartoum’s neglect of the peripheries and the fall-out of large-scale projects have caused political conflict in the past. Sudan’s agricultural sector and forms of land tenure are analyzed. The reasons for the failure of the bread-basket dream are provided and analyzed in detail. Yet a reloaded version of it appeared on the stage when the Sudanese government launched a massive dam program and announced plans for an “agricultural revival” (al-nahda al-ziraʿiyya) in the 2000s

Keywords:   Sudan, Gulf agro-investments 1970s, investor types, colonialism and post-independence, land tenure, mechanized rain-fed farming and political conflict, famine and food trade, dams and Nile hydropolitics, agricultural development plans 2000s, JEL, N55, N45, N35, N75, Q18, F51, F52, F54, F59

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