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Ethics in Ancient Israel - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Ethics in Ancient Israel

John Barton


Ethics in Ancient Israel is a study of ethical thinking in ancient Israel from about the eighth to the second century BC. The evidence for this consists primarily of the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible and Apocrypha, but also other ancient Jewish writings such as the Dead Sea Scrolls and various anonymous and pseudonymous texts from shortly before the New Testament period. The book argues that there were several models for thinking about ethics, including a ‘divine command’ theory, something approximating natural law, a virtue ethic, and a belief in human custom and convention. The book also examin ... More

Keywords: ethics, Old Testament, natural law, divine command theory, moral agents, virtue, image of God, imitation of God, biblical narrative

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780199660438
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660438.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

John Barton, author
Oriel & Laing Professor of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture, University of Oxford