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The Rules of Thought$
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Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa and Benjamin W. Jarvis

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199661800

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661800.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 May 2021

Against Strong Experiential Rationalism

Against Strong Experiential Rationalism

(p.274) 12 Against Strong Experiential Rationalism
The Rules of Thought

Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa

Benjamin W. Jarvis

Oxford University Press

This chapter offers the core of the argument against experientialist rationalism—the view that intuitions are a special form of experience that provide a priori evidence. The target of this chapter is strong experientialist rationalism, which holds that, ceteris paribus, a subject with the intuition that p has p as evidence by virtue of having that intuition. The central problem with strong experientialist rationalism is that it fails to account for blind irrationality—cases in which a subject's thoughts are irrational, even though he has no intuition to the effect that he is proceeding irrationally. The argument is generalized beyond strong experientialist rationalism; it also tells against Huemer's “phenomenal conservativism,” Harman's “general foundations theory,” and Foley's “subjective foundationalism.” All these views, like strong experientialist rationalism, fail to respect the objectivity of rational inquiry.

Keywords:   intuitions, rationalism, blind irrationality, phenomenal conservativism, general foundations theory, subjective foundationalism, objectivity of rational inquiry

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