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The Rules of Thought$
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Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa and Benjamin W. Jarvis

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199661800

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661800.001.0001

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Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Methodology

Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Methodology

(p.319) 14 Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Methodology
The Rules of Thought

Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa

Benjamin W. Jarvis

Oxford University Press

This chapter situates the previous treatment of the epistemology of philosophy with respect to recent critiques of armchair philosophical methods deriving from the experimental philosophy movement. The best interpretation of the experimentalist critique, it is argued, is one according to which empirical investigation has discovered defeaters for armchair beliefs. Given the theory of pure rational thinking developed in the book, and the approach to apriority developed in Chapter 6, such critiques then are largely orthogonal to questions about apriority of philosophy. Methodological questions and epistemological questions must be distinguished; the methodological claims of experimentalist critics are consistent with the claim of the book that pure rational thinking is a way to achieve philosophical knowledge. The skeptical worries pressed by experimentalist critics are legitimate in principle, but in ways that apply equally to all forms of inquiry.

Keywords:   experimental philosophy, armchair philosophy, a priori, pure rational thinking, defeaters, methodology, epistemology

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