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Equality and Opportunity$
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Shlomi Segall

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199661817

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661817.001.0001

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Equality of Outcome

Equality of Outcome

(p.34) 2 Equality of Outcome
Equality and Opportunity

Shlomi Segall

Oxford University Press

Is there symmetry between equalities and inequalities within a theory of justice? Most luck egalitarians argue that both equalities and inequalities can be unjust, namely when they do not track choice. This chapter argues that equalities (in that which ultimately matters, e.g. welfare) can never be unjust. Only inequalities can ever be unjust. To show this the chapter examines a series of scenarios which are thought to be embarrassing for the asymmetrical view (the view that only inequalities, and never equalities, are potentially unjust). It shows that upon reflection, none of the implications of the asymmetrical view is counterintuitive.

Keywords:   Responsibility, equality, outcome, inequality, redress, desert, talents

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