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Cross-Linguistic Variation and Efficiency$
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John A. Hawkins

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199664993

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664993.001.0001

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Language variation and the Performance–Grammar Correspondence Hypothesis

Language variation and the Performance–Grammar Correspondence Hypothesis

(p.1) 1 Language variation and the Performance–Grammar Correspondence Hypothesis
Cross-Linguistic Variation and Efficiency

John Hawkins

Oxford University Press

This chapter defines the ‘Performance–Grammar Correspondence Hypothesis’ (PGCH). Grammars have conventionalized syntactic structures in proportion to their degree of preference in performance, as evidenced by patterns of selection in corpora and by ease of processing in psycholinguistic experiments. The chapter summarizes many performance–grammar correspondences that have been proposed in the research literature hitherto and shows how these provide evidence against Chomsky’s view that grammars have not incorporated performance constraints such as working memory load. The predictions and consequences of the PGCH are defined.

Keywords:   ease of processing, performance constraints on grammars, Performance–Grammar Correspondence Hypothesis

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