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Cross-Linguistic Variation and Efficiency$
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John A. Hawkins

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199664993

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664993.001.0001

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Ten differences between VO and OV languages

Ten differences between VO and OV languages

Chapter:
(p.136) 7 Ten differences between VO and OV languages
Source:
Cross-Linguistic Variation and Efficiency
Author(s):

John A. Hawkins

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664993.003.0007

This chapter gives the first general typology of verb position and its correlating properties and argues that efficiency can explain the correlations. These properties include mirror-image head orderings (head-initial vs head-final), more ‘argument differentiation’ and ‘predicate frame differentiation’ in OV languages, consistent NRel orders in VO languages and inconsistency in OV, consistent complementizer-initial orders but inconsistent orders and fewer complementizers in OV, fewer separate words constructing phrasal nodes and more affixes in OV languages, shorter and less complex left-branching structures in OV compared with right-branching in VO languages, inconsistent orderings for oblique phrases in OV compared with VOX, and less wh-fronting and verb fronting in OV languages.

Keywords:   affixes, argument differentiation, complementizer orders, OV languages, predicate frame differentiation, relative clause types, VO languages, wh-fronting

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