This chapter asks what individuals should do in cases of unfulfilled weakly collective duties. Three possibilities are introduced: mimicking duties (do what would be required by fair collective scheme), promotional duties (promote collective action), or direct duties (alleviate harm or aid victims directly, oneself or with a like-minded subset). The widespread appeal of mimicking duties is acknowledged in the climate change case. Five possible philosophical defences are considered: a “fair shares” argument; direct harm arguments; a rule consequentialist defence; appeal to the fairness of anticipating a collective scheme; a virtue-ethics defence, and appeal to the Kantian categorical imperative. It is argued that none succeeds in defending mimicking duties as exclusive, or even primary.
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