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The Normalization of the European Commission – Politics and Bureaucracy in the EU Executive - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Normalization of the European Commission: Politics and Bureaucracy in the EU Executive

Anchrit Wille


The European Commission is evolving into a normal executive. In the 1950s, it started out as a technocratic international organization, but it has acquired many of the organizational features and behavioural patterns that are highly typical of the ‘normal’ executives in national settings. This ‘normalization’ of the EU executive is due to a series of treaty reforms and internal administrative transformations that were effectuated after the demise of the Santer Commission. Based on a large number of in-depth interviews with commissioners, heads of cabinet, and senior civil servants in the Commi ... More

Keywords: accountability, executive politics, European Commission, leadership, political and administrative reforms, institutional change, democratization, political–bureaucratic elites, political–administrative relationship, EU governance

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780199665693
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665693.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Anchrit Wille, author
Senior Researcher, Institute of Public Administration, Leiden University