Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Islam and the European Empires$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

David Motadel

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199668311

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668311.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 December 2020

Islam and the French Empire in North Africa

Islam and the French Empire in North Africa

(p.90) 4 Islam and the French Empire in North Africa
Islam and the European Empires

Julia Clancy-Smith

Oxford University Press

This essay analyzes the different, often contradictory ways in which French colonial regimes in Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco dealt with, legislated, and accommodated ‘Islam’ and Muslims. The scholarly literature tends to homogenize France’s rule over Muslim societies of the Maghrib, with the exception of the Berbers. However, ‘Algerian Islam’ became normalized during the nineteenth century so that a new religion and political target was created. In contrast, the colonial literature generally did not evoke similar constructions of ‘Tunisian Islam’. Yet colonial anthropologists and officials created a ‘Moroccan Islam’, which differed considerably from its Algerian counterpart. The chapter seeks to uncover complex webs of local political arrangements as well as the struggles and compromises that characterized the governance of Islam in French North Africa. It also takes account of non-Muslims: Catholic Italians and Maltese in Tunisia, and various communities of Moroccan Jews and of ‘Berbers’.

Keywords:   France, French, Islam, Muslim, empire, religion, imperialism, colonialism

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .