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The Origins of Active Social PolicyLabour Market and Childcare Policies in a Comparative Perspective$
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Giuliano Bonoli

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199669769

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669769.001.0001

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Childcare Policy in a Comparative Perspective

Childcare Policy in a Comparative Perspective

(p.113) 6 Childcare Policy in a Comparative Perspective
The Origins of Active Social Policy

Giuliano Bonoli

Oxford University Press

This chapter reconstructs policy trajectories in the field of childcare policy in seven European countries: Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, France, Italy, and the UK. The period covered varies from country to country, as the chapter tries to uncover relevant antecedents of childcare policy. In general, country accounts start at the end of the nineteenthcentury/beginning of the twentiethcentury, when childcare institutions either with an anti-poverty objective or with pedagogical goals were instituted in many European countries. It then moves on to look at the family policy settlement that was dominant in the early post-war years. The main focus is on the period of expansion of female employment and subsequent development of childcare services.

Keywords:   childcare, parental leave, work–life balance, women’s employment, gender equality

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