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The Origins of Active Social PolicyLabour Market and Childcare Policies in a Comparative Perspective$
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Giuliano Bonoli

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199669769

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669769.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 August 2021

The Origins of Active Social Policy

The Origins of Active Social Policy

(p.165) 8 The Origins of Active Social Policy
The Origins of Active Social Policy

Giuliano Bonoli

Oxford University Press

The final chapter re-examines the hypotheses discussed in Chapter 4 in the light of the empirical evidence presented in Chapters 5 to 7. It argues that the activation turn is best understood as a response to changed socio-economic conditions that was facilitated by political factors. Active social policy lends itself to credit-claiming exercises, and it developed faster in countries where the conditions were particularly favourable for political parties to be able to use active social policy as a credit-claiming tool. This was the case in countries where the late 1990s saw a return to power of a left-wing government after a prolonged period of conservative government. The chapter concludes by looking at the impact of the 2008 financial crises and subsequent economic turmoil on active social policy.

Keywords:   welfare state, active social policy, recalibration, welfare state theory, active labour market policy, childcare

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