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International DevelopmentIdeas, Experience, and Prospects$
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Bruce Currie-Alder, Ravi Kanbur, David M. Malone, and Rohinton Medhora

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199671656

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 10 May 2021

The Political Economy of Intrastate Conflicts

The Political Economy of Intrastate Conflicts

(p.344) (p.345) Chapter 20 The Political Economy of Intrastate Conflicts
International Development

Gilbert M. Khadiagala

Dimpho Motsamai

Oxford University Press

Political economy analyses of intrastate conflicts have focused on the links between resource scarcities, distributional inequities, and political marginalization. As well, scholars agree that institutions are vital in the attenuation, mediation, and mitigation of intrastate conflicts. This chapter captures the major explanations for intrastate conflicts and the institutional prescriptions to manage them. These studies include the modernization theories of the 1960s, the weak state literature of the 1980s and 1990s, and the recent theorizing on natural resources and conflicts. These studies share key assumptions about the centrality of socio-economic inequities, weak governance structures, and the availability of opportunities for groups to contest their grievances. The conclusion proposes that although civil conflicts are ending in most parts of the world, multilateral approaches and initiatives remain critical in tackling new intrastate fissures and regionalized conflicts.

Keywords:   civil wars, developing countries, intrastate conflicts, horizontal inequalities, weak states, ethno-regional cleavages, resources wars

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