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International DevelopmentIdeas, Experience, and Prospects$
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Bruce Currie-Alder, Ravi Kanbur, David M. Malone, and Rohinton Medhora

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199671656

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2021

Targeting Diseases

Targeting Diseases

(p.530) Chapter 31 Targeting Diseases
International Development

Nandini Oomman

Farley Cleghorn

Oxford University Press

Global health has emerged as a core component of global development, and financing for global health has increased dramatically. Yet despite the growing recognition that poor health status is both a cause and an effect of poverty, and that the greatest gains in health can be achieved with relatively low-cost interventions, funding has continued to target infectious diseases. The history and practice of disease targeting is explored to identify lessons from notable examples of targeting, including smallpox, polio, and HIV/AIDS. The targeting of diseases is shown to remain an important development concept, especially for new and emerging health challenges, but one that should be applied appropriately and for long-term results. Invariably, targeted approaches will require strong and functioning health systems to “walk that last mile” toward lasting impact.

Keywords:   targeting, disease, eradication, health systems, global health, smallpox, polio, HIV/AIDS

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