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International DevelopmentIdeas, Experience, and Prospects$
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Bruce Currie-Alder, Ravi Kanbur, David M. Malone, and Rohinton Medhora

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199671656

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2020

Chile

Chile

Chapter:
(p.683) Chapter 40 Chile
Source:
International Development
Author(s):

Ernesto Ottone

Carlos Vergara

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.003.0041

Chile has experienced dramatically different models of development over the past century, ranging from early efforts at inclusion to accommodate people moving to cities, to import substitution following the Great Depression and export-led growth during two decades of dictatorship. Yet the period since the return to democracy in 1990 has been the most fruitful, with dramatically reduced poverty, increased income, and expanded access to education and health. These achievements are tied to an effort to break through old political impasses and establish a new coalition based on a model of development that balances the roles of state, market, and society to achieve both economic and social outcomes. The philosophy of the coalition and some of its policies are described. Looking forward, development has come full circle, with a new need to confront inequality and ensure that high income results in a more egalitarian society.

Keywords:   democracy, dictatorship, political transition, Chile, coalition, poverty

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