This chapter summarises and evaluates the book’s findings about international organisations’ legitimation practices. It suggests that they can be grouped into three broad categories of legitimation practices: the creation of new institutions and structures, seeking external validation of legitimacy claims, and rhetorical affirmation of the importance and legitimacy of existing institutional arrangements. It then briefly evaluates the contribution of these practices to three objectives of legitimation: confirming the status quo against rival authority claims, re-categorising and extending authority relationships, and addressing the legitimacy gaps that have arisen from social and political change. It concludes with a brief discussion of two wider contributions that this analysis suggests a legitimation perspective can make to the understanding of international organisations and international order.
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