- Title Pages
- List of Figures
- List of Contributors
- 1 Questioning the Democratic, and Democratic Questioning
- 2 Against the ‘Democratic Turn’
- 3 The Divided Legacy of <i>Politikon</i>
- 4 A Democratic Turn in the Reception of the Roman–Dutch Law of Treason in South Africa?
- 5 Labour and the Classics
- 6 Appropriations of Cicero and Cato in the Making of American Civic Identity
- 7 Classics as a Weapon
- 8 Civilization and Savagery at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition
- 9 The Expansion of Tragedy as Critique<sup>1</sup>
- 10 Investigating American Women’s Engagements with Graeco-Roman Antiquity, and Expanding the Circle of Classicists
- 11 The Democratic Turn in (and through) Pedagogy
- 12 Classics in West African Education
- 13 Back to the <i>Demos</i>
- 14 Can ‘Democratic’ Modern Stagings of Ancient Drama be ‘Authentic’?
- 15 Demotic Power to the People
- 16 Aristophanic Performance as an All-inclusive Event
- 17 Constructing Bridges for Peace and Tolerance
- 18 <i>The Silence of Eurydice</i>
- 19 Ovidian Metamorphoses in the Fiction of A. S. Byatt
- 20 Catullus and Lesbia Translated in Women’s Historical Novels
- 21 Female Voices
- 22 Heroes or Villains
- 23 Democracy and Popular Media
- 24 Practising Classical Reception Studies ‘in the Round’
- 25 In Search of Ancient Myths
- 26 Truth, Justice, and the Spartan Way
- 27 A ‘Democratic Turn’ at the Ashmolean Museum
- 28 All Mod Cons? Power, Openness, and Text in the Digital Turn
Heroes or Villains
Heroes or Villains
The Gracchi, Reform, and the Nineteenth-Century Press
- (p.300) (p.301) 22 Heroes or Villains
- Classics in the Modern World
- Oxford University Press
By the early nineteenth century, the Enclosure Acts had deprived rural workers of the use of common land. This, together with the industrialization of the nation, resulted in workers migrating to already overcrowded and unhealthy cities. The situation of the urban masses bore some superficial similarity to the situation of the free peasantry of Rome (at least in Plutarch’s popular version of the agrarian crisis) pushed off their small plots of land and into the city. With signs of a new militancy and the rise of reform movements in response to industrialization and urbanization, some commentators drew parallels with Roman Republican history. This chapter charts the way the struggle for social, economic, and political reform was partly conducted via engagement with the ancient world. It focuses particularly on the alignments that appeared in the press between the Republican reformers, Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus, and modern reformers as the Gracchi became emblematic of working-class struggles.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.