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The Making of the Modern Refugee$
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Peter Gatrell

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199674169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674169.001.0001

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‘Some Kind of Freedom’ Refugees, Homecoming, and Refugee Voices in Contemporary History

‘Some Kind of Freedom’ Refugees, Homecoming, and Refugee Voices in Contemporary History

(p.253) 9 ‘Some Kind of Freedom’ Refugees, Homecoming, and Refugee Voices in Contemporary History
The Making of the Modern Refugee

Peter Gatrell

Oxford University Press

Geopolitical upheaval in the final phase of global Cold War (notably Afghanistan) and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe unleashed mass population displacement. In Yugoslavia the cessation of internecine warfare allowed refugees to return to their homes, but repatriation proved a mixed blessing. In the former Soviet Union, the Caucasus became a crucible of violence; elsewhere ethnic Russians were displaced when independent states emerged in the ‘near abroad’. Deported peoples engaged with the history and consequences of Stalinist terror. Post-communist reckoning also emerged at the Italian-Slovenian border, generating rival interpretations of post-1943 displacement. Not all late twentieth century displacement can be attributed to the dissolution of communism or the war in Afghanistan. The protracted crisis in Cyprus generated memories of forced resettlement and provides insights into the experiences and legacies of displacement, inviting us to think about refugees as a ‘resource’ and resourceful refugees.

Keywords:   post-cold war, homecoming, commemoration, deported nationalities, afghanistan, caucasus, cyprus, former soviet union, yugoslavia, julian marches

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