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The Making of the Modern Refugee$
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Peter Gatrell

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199674169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674169.001.0001

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War and Population Displacement in East Asia, 1937–1950

War and Population Displacement in East Asia, 1937–1950

(p.178) 6 War and Population Displacement in East Asia, 1937–1950
The Making of the Modern Refugee

Peter Gatrell

Oxford University Press

War and invasion, revolution and the formation of new states set the scene for population movements in the Far East. In China the results of Japanese invasion were catastrophic; here and in North Korea and North Vietnam, Japan's defeat paved the way for communist victories. UNHCR's mandate did not encompass Korea's large internally displaced population, nor did it extend to Chinese and Tibetan refugees who fled respectively to Hong Kong and India or Nepal after the formation of the PRC, leaving a gap that was filled by local relief efforts and by external NGOs. The resulting regional refugee regime was partly shaped by Cold War rivalries, although it was easier to mobilize international opinion on behalf of Tibetan refugees as the embodiment of a distinctive civilization. The chapter concludes by evaluating what is known of refugees’ responses to displacement.

Keywords:   war in the far east, korean refugees, chinese refugees, tibetan refugees, hong kong, unhcr, nepal, cold war

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