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Quantitative Genetics in the Wild$
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Anne Charmantier, Dany Garant, and Loeske E. B. Kruuk

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199674237

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.001.0001

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Evolutionary dynamics in response to climate change

Evolutionary dynamics in response to climate change

Chapter:
(p.254) Chapter 15 Evolutionary dynamics in response to climate change
Source:
Quantitative Genetics in the Wild
Author(s):

Phillip Gienapp

Jon E. Brommer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0015

Environmental changes lead to new or altered selection pressures and possibly also to changes in expressed genetic (co)variances. Understanding the resulting evolutionary dynamics is important for predicting possible negative impacts of environmental change for populations and species. Consequently, knowledge of how climate change affects selection and the genetic variation in important traits is crucial in this context. However, the molecular genetics of relevant traits potentially affected by climate change are currently not well known and quantitative genetic approaches offer a possibility to gain insight into this. The aim of this chapter is to illustrate how quantitative genetic approaches can be used to address these questions in the wild, for example by estimating phenotypic plasticity and genetic variation in relevant traits and also by disentangling genetic and phenotypic trends with the help of breeding values. This chapter provides an overview of current evidence as well as an outlook on possible future directions.

Keywords:   climate change, phenotypic plasticity, quantitative genetic approaches, genetic variation, breeding values

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