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Circular Migration between Europe and its NeighbourhoodChoice or Necessity?$
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Anna Triandafyllidou

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199674510

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674510.001.0001

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Circular Economic Migration between Italy and Morocco

Circular Economic Migration between Italy and Morocco

(p.90) Chapter 5 Circular Economic Migration between Italy and Morocco
Circular Migration between Europe and its Neighbourhood

Camilla Devitt

Oxford University Press

This chapter studies circular economic migratory movements between Italy and Morocco. The study is exploratory, largely based on qualitative interviews with Moroccan circular migrants, as well as Italian and Moroccan policymakers and stakeholders. It identifies the main institutional and legal constraints on circularity and presents a typology of circular economic migration currently taking place between the two states. Importantly, the chapter also investigates to what extent circular migration is of benefit to the migrants themselves and the sending and receiving states. Our results show that circular migration is more often by necessity rather than choice and used as a strategy to face underemployment or temporary unemployment especially during the current times of economic crisis in Italy. Migrants resent their situation of ‘pending over the Mediterranean sea’ rather than be settled at one place. Relevant policies that can contribute to making circular migration a triple win situation are discussed at the end of the chapter.

Keywords:   Circular migration, migration policy, Italy, Morocco, low skill, development, crisis

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