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Circular Migration between Europe and its NeighbourhoodChoice or Necessity?$
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Anna Triandafyllidou

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199674510

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674510.001.0001

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Circularity in a Restrictive Framework: Mobility between Morocco and Spain 1

Circularity in a Restrictive Framework: Mobility between Morocco and Spain 1

(p.114) Chapter 6 Circularity in a Restrictive Framework: Mobility between Morocco and Spain1
Circular Migration between Europe and its Neighbourhood

Carmen González Enríquez

Oxford University Press

Only a minimal part of Moroccan migration to Spain is circular. Spanish rules have obstructed potential circular migration by restricting it in practice to those who obtain citizenship, or to only temporary agricultural migrants. The latter have been subject to strict regulations and surveillance, giving rise to a scheme which satisfies both Moroccan workers and the intensive Spanish agricultural sector. The chapter describes the main features of Moroccan migration to Spain, underlying the lack of a qualified immigration, analyses the manpower needs of the Spanish agricultural sector, and the regulatory structure which hinders other forms of potential circular migration between the two countries. The opinions and expectations of Moroccan workers and both Spanish and Moroccan stakeholders in relation to circular migration are also analysed. Finally, the conclusion looks at the sustainability of the current temporary agricultural migration schemes while unemployment among Spaniards and resident immigrants curtails their social legitimacy.

Keywords:   Spain, Morocco, circular migration, mobility, temporary migration, immigration policy

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