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Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World$
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Will Kymlicka and Eva Pföstl

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199675135

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675135.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 23 May 2022

The Minority Question: A View from History and the Kurdish Periphery

The Minority Question: A View from History and the Kurdish Periphery

Chapter:
(p.26) (p.27) 2 The Minority Question: A View from History and the Kurdish Periphery
Source:
Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World
Author(s):

Janet Klein

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675135.003.0002

This chapter explores discourses on minorities in the Arab world from a historical perspective and a view from the Kurdish “periphery” of certain Arab countries. It examines the construction of minorities in the late-Ottoman period, and how foreign intervention in the late-Ottoman and post-Ottoman periods of nation-building not only helped to construct certain groups as “minorities” but also fed the process through which these groups—having become “marked citizens” (to use Pandey’s term)—came to be branded as threats to the nation and national unity, leaving a lasting legacy that continues to play out today. In approaching the issue of minority rights now in Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and Iran, it is essential to understand this background so as to avoid cultural determinism, and to consider the power relations involved in the historical construction (and reconstruction) of minorities and majorities in the Arab world.

Keywords:   minorities, foreign intervention, “marked citizens”, nation-building, Kurds, Ottoman Empire, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Iran

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