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Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World$
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Will Kymlicka and Eva Pföstl

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199675135

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675135.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 January 2022

Hobbesian Citizenship: How the Palestinians Became a Minority in Israel *

Hobbesian Citizenship: How the Palestinians Became a Minority in Israel *

(p.189) 9 Hobbesian Citizenship: How the Palestinians Became a Minority in Israel*
Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World

Hassan Jabareen

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the most prominent example in the region of an Arab minority in a non-Arab-majority state—namely, Israel. Arabs within Israel became a national minority in 1948, although many were exiled or internally displaced. Since there is no history of Arabs being national minorities, they have had to invent a terminology for articulating their claims, including group rights such as recognition of their “national” status, bilingualism, cultural autonomy, and restitution of land. In developing this new vocabulary, they have drawn upon international discourses of minority and indigenous rights, while adapting it to their local context. In advancing these claims, Arab activists envisage new practices of multicultural citizenship. This chapter argues, however, that relations between Jews and Arabs in Israel remain defined by a Schmittian or Hobbesian “friend–enemy” polarity that undermines not only the national rights of the Arab minority, but even their basic individual citizenship rights.

Keywords:   Israel, Jewish state, Arab minority, security, citizenship rights, national minority, minority rights, indigenous rights

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