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Making NewsThe Political Economy of Journalism in Britain and America from the Glorious Revolution to the Internet$
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Richard R. John and Jonathan Silberstein-Loeb

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199676187

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676187.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

International News in the Age of Empire

International News in the Age of Empire

(p.107) 5 International News in the Age of Empire
Making News

James R. Brennan

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines how news agencies and newspapers created a global system of international news production and distribution during the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In Britain, leading London newspapers and Reuters led this development. Reuters dominated the British market for the sale of news from abroad and exercised control over the sale of news from the British Isles throughout the world. Reuters’ dominance in these markets—a product of institutional arrangements in Britain—underwrote its early global expansion. Reuters and the London press utilized their close relationships with the British government to expand across Africa and other parts of the Empire. In the US, the Associated Press emerged as the dominant international news provider. The AP, unlike Reuters, benefited from a large and wealthy domestic market, which enabled it to expand abroad. The high costs of reporting and distributing news internationally over telegraph favored oligopoly and cooperation over competition.

Keywords:   news agencies, Reuters, Associated Press, telegraph, empire, Africa

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