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Making NewsThe Political Economy of Journalism in Britain and America from the Glorious Revolution to the Internet$
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Richard R. John and Jonathan Silberstein-Loeb

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199676187

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676187.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 September 2021

Protecting News before the Internet

Protecting News before the Internet

(p.196) 8 Protecting News before the Internet
Making News

Heidi J. S. Tworek

Oxford University Press

Legal attempts to protect news reports have become increasingly common as the Internet threatens the traditional business models of news providers. Parallels and precedents to such efforts first emerged nearly two hundred years ago. This chapter examines public and private attempts to protect news reports since the mid-nineteenth century. It traces how, when, and why British and American news providers sought public protection through international conventions, copyright and property law, and unfair competition rules. Simultaneously, news providers devised private solutions to protect or prolong the exclusive value of news through contracts and corporate structures. News agencies, particularly Reuters and Associated Press, were the key businesses seeking legal protection both nationally and internationally. Ultimately, this chapter argues, private strategies secured news value more effectively than the legal mechanisms that news providers constantly craved.

Keywords:   intellectual property, copyright, industrial property, news agencies, Reuters, Associated Press, unfair competition, League of Nations, piracy, quasi-property

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