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International Approaches to Governing Ethnic Diversity$
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Jane Boulden and Will Kymlicka

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199676583

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676583.001.0001

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The Role of International Actors in Norm Emergence

The Role of International Actors in Norm Emergence

Supporting Afro-Descendants’ Rights in Latin America

(p.128) 6 The Role of International Actors in Norm Emergence
International Approaches to Governing Ethnic Diversity

Corinne Lennox

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the influence of international actors on the emergence of group-specific norms for Afro-descendants in Latin America who, since the late 1990s, have mobilized across Latin America to assert group-specific rights claims with some success. They have not established any sui generis rights, but have created a new corpus of rights comprised principally of rights to non-discrimination, rights for protection of cultural identity and (collective) land rights. Three kinds of international actors have been most integral to norm entrepreneurship by Afro-descendants: those implementing international development cooperation; those promoting regional and international human rights standards; and those working in transnational advocacy organizations and funding foundations. This chapter traces the evolution of engagement with Afro-descendants by these different international organizations, exploring the similarities and differences across these different types of organizations, and evaluates the influence and limitations of these actors in the norm entrepreneurship efforts of Afro-descendants in Latin America.

Keywords:   Afro-descendants, racism, Latin America, advocacy, Inter-American Development Bank, United Nations, land rights, minority rights

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