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The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages$
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Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.001.0001

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Southern Gallo-Romance (Occitan)

Southern Gallo-Romance (Occitan)

(p.319) Chapter 19 Southern Gallo-Romance (Occitan)
The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

Michèle Oliviéri

Patrick Sauzet

Oxford University Press

After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the external history, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of Occitan (including Gascon and other southern Gallo-Romance dialects). Specific topics dealt with include: geography, history, and dialect areas; vowel system (stressed vowels; diphthongs; unstressed vowels); consonant system; syllabic structure; syllable templates; syllable structure and sentence phonetics; stress; nominal morphology (gender, number, case), adjectives; pronouns and determiners; derivational morphology; verb morphology (verb classes, person marking, verb stems); tenses formed on the present indicative stem; infinitive and future and conditional; preterite and forms built on the preterite; present subjunctive; syntax of ssubject clitics; constituent order; subject inversion; topicalization and focalization; enunciatives; subordination and the complementizer que; alternative subordination types; object clitics; negation; agreement; sequences of mood and tenses.

Keywords:   Occitan, Gascon, southern Gallo-Romance, phonology, morphology, syntax

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