After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the external history, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of Francoprovençal. Linguistic history and geography. The name of the language; Phonetics; The twofold development of Latin stressed A in open syllables; final unstressed vowels; The development of Ū; Stress shift Diphthongization of stressed vowels in open syllables; Nasal vowels; Palatalization of velar consonants; Nominal group; Remnants of a two-case system;, maintenance of a functioning two-case system; Noun determiners: maintenance or neutralization of the masculine-feminine opposition in the plural; The partitive article or partitive de; Possessives; pronominal system; Stressed personal pronouns; Subject clitics; Neuter subject and object; neuter demonstrative pronoun; verb syntax and morphology; split of the first conjugation; Present indicative; Imperfect indicative; Periphrastic tenses; ‘Surcomposé’ (double compound) forms; Future; Subjunctive
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