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The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages$
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Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.001.0001

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(p.624) Chapter 36 Diglossia
The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

Johannes Kabatek

Oxford University Press

The main goal of this chapter is to survey some of the principal issues relevant to diglossic language situations in Romance, providing a critical review of some of the principal diglossic situations found in the many bi- and multilingual parts of the Romània; the relevance and application to the Romance situation of distinctions such as diglossia with bilingualism, diglossia without bilingualism, and bilingualism without diglossia; the vitality, position, and status of Romance dialects; the distinction between diglossia and dilalia; language contact, code-switching and the rise of interlects; the effects of, and reaction to, standardization. Specific topics dealt within include: the history of Romance languages and varieties in Europe; the history of Romance languages and varieties beyond Europe; current dynamics in Romance variation and diglossia; the impact of globalization: Universalism and particularism; levelling; the revival of languages; creating bilingualism; hybrids and their function; the future of research on diglossia in Romance.

Keywords:   diglossia, bilingualism, multilingual, dialects, dilalia, language contact, code-switching, interlects, standardization

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