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The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages$
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Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.001.0001

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(p.708) Chapter 43 Morphomes
The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

Martin Maiden

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses some of the most important issues concerning morphomic distributional patterns in Romance. It covers patterns originally due to the effects of stress-related vocalic alternation and palatalization in the verb (‘N-pattern’ and ‘L-pattern’); the remnants of Latin perfective morphology (PYTA); the ‘western Romance’ future and conditional as possible morphome; the ‘past participle’ as morphome; morphomic structures in the inflectional morphology of nouns and adjectives (especially in Romanian); morphomic structures in derivational morphology; the mechanisms by which morphomes emerge historically and the relation between putative morphomes and surviving remnants of their historical semantic or phonological conditioning environment; factors leading to the ‘death’ of morphomes.

Keywords:   morphomes, inflectional morphology, ‘past participle’, L-pattern, N-pattern, PYTA, autonomy

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