The main goal of this chapter is critically to address from a comparative perspective some of the most important issues in the syntax of Romance functional categories, including the emergence of articles, pronominal clitics, auxiliaries, and complementizers; recurrent grammaticalization pathways; the interaction of inflection and periphrasis (including typological distinctions between syntheticity and analyticity, configurationality and non-configurationality, dependent-marking and head-marking); parallels and differences in the range of functional categories available to the nominal (DP), sentential (IP), and clausal (CP) domains; positions and co-occurrence possibilities. Specific topics dealt with include: rise of analyticity; rise of configurationality; Romance functional categories; nominal group (articles; other determiners); verbal group (Romance auxiliaries; Romance synthetic future(-in-the-past); clitic pronouns); the sentence; grammaticalized word orders.
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