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The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages$
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Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.001.0001

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Copular and existential constructions

Copular and existential constructions

(p.847) Chapter 52 Copular and existential constructions
The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

Delia Bentley

Francesco Maria Ciconte

Oxford University Press

The main goal of this chapter is critically to address from a comparative perspective some of the most important issues in Romance copular and existential constructions, covering such areas as the range of Romance copulas and their semantico-syntactic distribution; canonical vs inverse copular sentences; relationship between locative and existential copular predications; variation in existential copulas and their constraints on the nature of the pivot; subject markedness; sources, nature, and distribution of locative adverbials; definiteness effects; variation in verb agreement with locative or pivot. Specific topics dealt with include: copular constructions (attributive, locative, and possessive), inverse copular constructions, and existential constructions.

Keywords:   copular constructions, existential constructions, canonical, inverse, locative, pivot, subject markedness, definiteness effects, agreement

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