This chapter surveys some of the most important issues in Romance address systems. It covers the principal pronominal and verbal systems of address across Romance; sources of innovative Romance pronouns and form of address; encoding of number, gender, reciprocal/non-reciprocal intimacy, politeness, deference, and distance; sociolinguistic variables conditioning distribution of forms of address; grammatical mismatches between person, number, and gender; variation in matching verb forms; intralingual variation; phonological), morphological; syntactic, and lexical strategies for marking the vocative; inverse address. Specific topics dealt with include: alternations among bound forms of address; social distribution; choice of form; choice of system; terminology; typology; formal and functional clash; free forms of address; syntax and pragmatics; morphological marking; morphophonological patterns; inverse address.
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