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The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages$
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Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.001.0001

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(p.924) Chapter 57 Gender
The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

Loporcaro Michele

Oxford University Press

This chapter surveys some of the most striking and interesting problems and questions related to gender in Romance. It covers restructuring of Latin nominal declensions in Romance; relation between gender and inflectional class, and between target and controller genders; residual and systemic survival of Latin neuter in bipartite and tripartite gender systems, respectively; interrelation between gender and number (count vs mass distinctions; ambigenerics); emergence of four-way gender systems correlation between natural and grammatical gender; semantic import of grammatical gender. Specific topics dealt with include: gender assignment; semantic rules; formal rules; two-gender systems; Romanian and other three-gender systems; four-gender systems; mass/countness and gender; some exceptional cases.

Keywords:   gender, three and four-way gender systems, inflection classes, mass vs count

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