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The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages$
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Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.001.0001

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Tense and aspect

Tense and aspect

(p.939) Chapter 58 Tense and aspect
The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

Pier Marco Bertinetto

Mario Squartini

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses some of the most striking and interesting problems and questions related to tense and aspect in Romance. It covers the distribution of most widespread temporal and aspectual grammaticalized distinctions, including the expression of perfective past, future and future in the past; auxiliary constructions, and various aspectual categories; relationship and competition between synthetic and periphrastic forms; development of aspectual markers into temporal markers and the relative discreteness of tense and aspect as grammatical categories; distribution and value of doubly-compound forms. Specific topics dealt with include: temporal and aspectual values in present and past ‘simple’ tenses; the present: temporal and aspectual flexibility; perfective and imperfective pasts; simple past and its analytic competitors; compound forms: resultatives, perfects, and perfectives; resultative constructions; ‘aoristic drift’; specialized perfects (inclusive only; experiential only); competing pluperfects and doubly-compound forms; aspectual and phasal periphrases; progressive periphrases; habitual and phasal periphrases; futures (tense interacting with modality; modal uncertainty and prospectivity; futures-in-the-past).

Keywords:   tense, aspect, ‘aoristic drift’, progressives, futures, grammaticalization

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