The main goal of this chapter is to provide a descriptive and critical overview of the some of the most striking and interesting problems and questions related to mood in Romance, cover such areas as diachronic, diatopic, diastratic and diamesic differences in the stability of the indicative vs subjunctive distinction; key syntactic, semantic, and stylistic differences in the licensing conditions of the subjunctive across Romance; the role of the subjunctive in licensing particular linguistic phenomena; interplay between mood and other categories such as the root vs embedded distinction, and negation. Specific topics dealt with include: exponence of mood; indicative vs subjunctive contexts; independent uses of the subjunctive; mood distribution in embedded domains; subjunctive types; argument clauses; relative clauses; adverbial clauses; purpose clauses; temporal clauses; conditional clauses; concessive and concessive conditional clauses; subjunctive-triggered phenomena; long-distance anaphora; complementizer deletion.
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