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The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages$
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Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.001.0001

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Word order

Word order

(p.997) Chapter 62 Word order
The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

Giampaolo Salvi

Oxford University Press

The main goal of this chapter is to provide a descriptive and critical overview of the some of the most striking and interesting problems and questions related to issues in Romance word order, covering such areas as the position of major constituents in the sentence, the nominal group, the adjectival and adverbial phrases, and the prepositional phrase; the evidence for a V2 transitional stage in early Romance, including synchronic residues; the unmarked order of transitive and unaccusative clauses; marked orders involving left-peripheral topicalization and focalization positions; availability and differing interpretations of clause-initial, clause-internal, and clause-final focus positions; changing diachronic patterns in discontinuous structures, extractions of complements and modifiers, and scrambling; different subject positions and their interpretive properties.

Keywords:   word order, sentence, nominal group, V2, topicalization, focalization, discontinuous structures, extractions, scrambling, subject positions

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