The main goal of this chapter is to provide a descriptive and critical overview of the some of the most striking and interesting problems and questions related to issues in Romance relative clause formation, covering such areas as the distribution of relativizers, including pronouns, zero forms (gapping), particles and complementizers (agreeing or uninflected); the use of resumptive pronouns and its stylistic status; diachronic shifts up and down the Accessibility Hierarchy; formal distinctions in marking the restrictive vs non-restrictive distinction; stylistic and register variation. Specific topics dealt with include: paradigms of relativizers across Romance; development of relativizers in different Romance varieties; gap and resumptive pronoun strategies.
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