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The Rise of the Regulatory State of the SouthInfrastructure and Development in Emerging Economies$
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Navroz K. Dubash and Bronwen Morgan

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677160

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677160.001.0001

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Understanding the Egyptian Regulatory State: Independent Regulators in Theory and Practice

Understanding the Egyptian Regulatory State: Independent Regulators in Theory and Practice

(p.53) 3 Understanding the Egyptian Regulatory State: Independent Regulators in Theory and Practice
The Rise of the Regulatory State of the South

Ahmed Badran

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks at the rise of the regulatory state in Egypt. It addresses three questions: Why does the Egyptian government delegate its regulatory powers to independent regulators (IRs)? How are these regulatory models diffused in Egypt? And how do IRs work in practice in Egypt? Adopting an institutional framework of analysis, and based on a qualitative in-depth analysis of governmental documents and interviews with decisions-makers and senior regulatory member staff, the chapter investigates the creation and diffusion of IRs in Egypt with special focus on the telecoms sector. The underlying assumption is that the differences at the contextual level between Egypt and the Western European countries where IR models originated may lead to a different rationalization for the creation and diffusion of such a model in Egypt, and the way it works in practice. Examination of the regulatory state in Egypt shows that the creation of the IRs in the telecommunications sector was very much instrumental, meaning that it can be understood on both functional and practical grounds rather than on any other factors of democratic governance or political uncertainties. The findings also highlight the important role of coercive mechanisms in diffusing this regulatory model compared to those of other voluntary mechanisms, such as policy learning and policy transfer. Finally, the chapter shows that IRs can survive and work in divergent environments under authoritarian regimes.

Keywords:   telecommunications regulation, regulatory state, independent regulatory agencies, policy transfer, institutional isomorphism

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