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Animal Movement Across Scales$
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Lars-Anders Hansson and Susanne Åkesson

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677184

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677184.001.0001

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Movement and migration in a changing world

Movement and migration in a changing world

(p.36) Chapter 3 Movement and migration in a changing world
Animal Movement Across Scales

Åke Lindström

Ben B. Chapman

Niclas Jonzén

Marcel Klaassen

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the documented effects that recent changes in habitat quality, climate, and biotic interactions have had on the spatiotemporal regimes of migrating animals. Animals of a large number of taxa and ecological traits have been affected. Most habitat changes have been detrimental, such as the loss of tidal mud flats sites for migratory fuelling, and roads, fences, and dams that cut off migration routes. At the same time, relatively new habitats such as urban areas and intense agriculture have had positive effects. Climate change has had the largest impact on the timing of movement, but few examples exist of its influence on migration’s spatial aspect. Biotic interactions, such as increased hunting and higher numbers of falcons, have affected animal migration in both time and space. In general, the threat from rapid global change appears largest for terrestrial animals, long-distance migrants, habitat specialists, and animals with slow reproduction.

Keywords:   migration, movement, animals, global change, climate change, habitat quality, threat

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